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In the Committees, the proposals are analyzed by smaller groups, composed of Members of Parliament. There, the discussions of matters are deepened before they are submitted to analysis by the Plenary Assembly.


There are three types of Committees: Standing, Temporary and Mixed. The Standing Committees have a permanent feature. They have risen to a level of codification in the rules of the Chamber.

Temporary Committees are created with a specific purpose. They are extinguished after acting on the bill or after a previously assigned period. The Temporary Committees last no more than four years.

Mixed Committees are formed by members of both Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.

The Committees may:

  • Hold public hearings;
  • Call Ministers of State to render information on matters inherent to their duties;
  • Receive petitions, complaints and statements from any person against acts or omissions from government authorities or entities.
  • Determine the search, examinations, inspections and auditing on an accounting, financial, budgetary and operating nature in the administrative units of the three branches.


The Committees have the so-called concluding power, which allows the committees to definitely approve certain bills as stated by the Constitution, .i.e., bills under the committees conclusive power are not submitted to Floor consideration. The Chamber Rules and Manual states that the Committees have concluding power on matters within their subject matter jurisdiction, with no need of further consideration by the Floor. The Rules grant this prerogative due to the fact the Committees have the power to deliberate on all subjects under their jurisdiction. However, the concluding power of the Committees is not always mandatory.  To call up a bill on the Chamber Floor, a deputy may introduce a motion with support of one-tenth of the Chamber members whenever Floor consideration is found necessary. The motion must be brought to the floor to be effective, though.

It is important to emphasize the works developed by the Committee of Participative Legislation. Through it, the Chamber of Deputies gives the society access to the production of rules that form the Country’s legal system.  It was created to receive proposed drafts of bills from the citizens. If those proposals receive a favorable indication from the CPL, they will be turned into bills. Thus, civil organizations and companies can directly share their thoughts on problems, demands and needs of the real and everyday life with the Parliament.